Business and Economy in DarbhangaDarbhanga is an urban agglomeration and headquarters of Darbhanga division. Darbhanga city is famous for its rich past and royal connection with Darbhanga Raj. Darbhanga is known for its trade of Mango, Makhana and Fish. But, economy of Darbhanga is specifically based on agriculture which is main occupation of major part of population in this district. Apart from that sugar mills, paper mills and handloom industries also contribute to economy of this region. There are numbers of small and tiny scale industries also present in Darbhanga.
This city is also known for its local art forms, Mithila paintings, handicrafts, pottery and lah bangles which are also great sources of income for rural population in this region. Some artisan based industries are also flourishing in Darbhanga.
Economic History of DarbhangaFrom ancient times, Darbhanga has been most famous for its agricultural activities and trade of mango, fish and makhana. Darbhanga was once biggest town of North Bihar but latter it was replaced by Muzaffarpur which overtook most of its business, trade and commerce after getting connected with broad gauge railway in mid 1970s. During 1980s, some paper mills, sugar mills and flour mills were also established in Darbhanga.
Agriculture in DarbhangaAgriculture is the primary occupation of most of the people in Darbhanga. Soil of Darbhanga is much fertile which is good for agricultural purpose. Hence, majority of population is engaged in agriculture in this region. Main crop of this region is rice and maize. Wheat, pulses, oil seeds and sugarcane are also grown in the region . Makhana is local aquatic dry fruit of this region which is produced on large scale. Makhana contributes a huge part to economical structure of Darbhanga. Besides, Darbhanga is also famous for production and trade of mango. Mostly Sal, Sisam, Khajur, Palmyra, Pipal and Khair trees are found in this region. Apart from that Darbhanga is famous for its trade of fish too. Fishes are found in abundance in this region and that is the reason why a significant segment of people is engaged in trade of fish.
Horticulture in DarbhangaDarbhanga is far famed for trade of mango which is produced in huge amount in this region. Horticulture is much popular among people and one can easily comes across beautiful orchards of mangoes in Darbhanga. ‘Maldih’ variety of mango produced in Darbhanga is too famous for its taste. It is also popular that 100000 mango trees were planted at a place in Darbhanga during reign of Emperor Akbar in the country. That place is still known as Lakhi Bagh. Besides orchards of Mango, Jackfruit and Tamarind trees are majorly found in rural areas of this district.
Industrialism in DarbhangaThough Darbhanga lacks large scale industrial units still it is dotted with small scale industries. There are only two small scale industries, 426 tiny industries and 181 artisan based industries registered in this district. Hence, enough job opportunities are not available for people in this district which has led to migration of work force to the other places to earn their livelihood. Paper mill, sugar mills, flour mills are main industries. One of the major industries in Darbhanga, Ashok Paper Mill is situated at Hayaghat. This paper mill has been restarted on 16th August, 2000 after 18 years of sickness. Rice mills are also present. Mithila and Sita Flourmills are two famous rice mills in the region. There are two sugar mills in this district out of which one is situated at Raiyam and other at Sakri.
Other industries are majorly related to furniture, hosiery, printing, iron and steel works, washing powder, bangle etc. Darbhanga Industrial Development Authority looks after aspiring industrial activities in this region. For industrial development, proper up gradation is needed in term of power supply, drainage system, roads and pollution control measures. Apart from that blanket weaving, clay toy making, lah-bangle making, mats and basket making and bamboo work are also popular in this area. Besides, rural artisans of this region are still practicing their traditional art forms. Madhubani paintings and Sikki Mauni craft both are good sources of income for rural population in this district.